Brief history of 19th Space Operations Squadron
By Randy Saunders , 50th Space Wing historian
/ Published February 17, 2015
SCHRIEVER AIR FORCE BASE, Colo. -- The Air Force Reserve 19th Space Operations Squadron is a component of the 310th Operations Group, 310th Space Wing, at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado. Together with the active-duty 2nd Space Operations Squadron, the squadron's personnel operate and maintain the Global Positioning System constellation of satellites.
Constituted and activated as the 19th Surveillance Squadron Nov. 1, 1966, the unit was first assigned to Air Defense Command. It was reassigned to the 73rd Aerospace Surveillance Wing Jan. 1, 1967, and organized at Pirinclik Air Station, Turkey. For the next 30 years, the squadron's personnel operated detection and tracking radars to provide data on missile launches, deep space surveillance and tactical warning. The unit played a key role in tactical missile warning operations during Operation Desert Storm in 1991.
With no change in mission or station, the squadron was reassigned to the 14th Aerospace Force April 30, 1971, and then to the 21st Air Division Oct. 1, 1976. It was reassigned to the 7th Air Division Dec. 1, 1979 and then to the 1st Space Wing, headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado, May 1, 1983, following the activation of Air Force Space Command and a reassignment of space-related functions, which resulted in many organizational changes. It was reassigned to the 73rd Space Surveillance (later 73rd Space) Group in 1991 and then to the 21st Operations Group April 26, 1995.
On June 16, 1997, the 19th Space Surveillance Squadron inactivated. Despite being inactive, the unit was redesignated 19th Space Operations Squadron May 1, 2000. It was activated in the Air Force Reserve and assigned to the 310th Space Group at Schriever AFB Oct. 1, 2000. It was reassigned to the 310th Operations Group when the 310th Space Group was redesignated as the 310th Space Wing March 7, 2008.
(This article is part of the GPS Week celebration Feb. 15-20)